Learn Night Photography
How many seconds?
Photography is really about light. Night photography is just like
any other type of photography except you don't have the sun to help you
light up your pictures.
To start with, you generally have to understand
Often in a scene there are two (or more) types of light. One
might be fixed (moon light, city lights) and another is variable
(fireworks, flash lights, on camera flash). The goal is to
balance them. Ironically, balance rarely means equal - generally
you want the exposure of one light to be roughly 1/2 to 1/4 of the
other. A few examples:
Here a cave entrace (outdoors) is balanced
lights built into
this cave display. Balance is achived by how much of the scene is
shown - more of the cave (the yellow part), the less green outdoors
Here it was just luck that they were roughly the same brightness.
Here there is a fixed light source (the sun
coming through) and a
variable source (my flashlight back filling the scene). The
flash light was on for about 4 seconds at the end of the scene to fill
in the cave. If I had not used the flashlight, the cave would be
too contrasty - you couldn't see the walls.
It took 6 minutes to get enough star/city
light to get a sky filled in. The flash light filled in the tent in 6
seconds. This would be an easy photoshop fix (there is complete
darkness between the sky and the tent) but I didn't do that - promise!
Perhaps the hardest example of balance.
has one proper
exposure (say 6 seconds at f8). The fireworks are variable in
time but not aperature. If you open the aperature (say 3 seconds
at f5.6) the fire works trails will burn, if it's too closed (say 12
seconds at f11) the fireworks will be too thin. Balancing this is
(30 seconds or less)
Cities have a little bit of everything in the for light. They are
generally pretty simple to expose - you are balancing the city against
another element - generally a sky or a foreground element.
Generally you are trying to pick up as many colours as possible.
Of course you need a tripod or solid support for any photo this long.
(4 - 12 seconds)
One of the most fun types of night photography
taking pictures of
Fireworks. I have a page of
just fireworks photos
, but here are some favorites:
Fireworks are a great way to burn film.
The formula I use is
f8 for 100 asa film with a 4 to 12 second exposure. The exposure
is hit and miss - using the bulb feature on the camera and a cable
release, open the shutter when it looks like the fireworks will be good
and hold the shutter open for as long as you need to fill up the
image. (A tripod is a must - a clamp works in a pinch. If
you can't support the camera, don't bother). Blue fireworks are
difficult to capture (they are dim) and green fireworks are generally
the brightest. Ideally, you want to combine low and high
in one frame, but they don't have to be shot at the same moment - just
inside the 4 to 12 second window you have the shutter open. I
shoot two to three roles of film each time I attend.
If you are using 200 speed film, use f11.
400 speed film, use
f16. If you get the aperture wrong, the fireworks will burn in to
much or be two dim - you can't compensate by longer or shorter
time. Like anything in photography, once you get good, get
closer. Here that means zoom in. We are still at f8, but
now we are in the < 4 seconds range.
Sparklers (3 seconds)
Another fun pyrotechnic source of light is
sparklers. They are
often available with birthday cakes and at Halloween. I have a page from one experiment
, but here
are some favorites:
These exposures were about 3 seconds long at f16
on 400 speed
film. (f8 on 100 speed film). The trick here was to use a
flash set on rear curtain sync (the flash fires at the last moment
before the shutter closes).
Campfires (6 - 30 seconds)
Campfires provide a nice light. The two
pictures below are about
6 seconds in duration on 50 speed film at f1.4 - just enough to light
the people. (It was actually metered from the camera)
But it doesn't have to be that
dark. You can use a bigger fire and mix other light
First, taking photos just after the sun goes down, you can pick up the
residual light. Second, you can hide a lantern to light people up.
Or you can just expose longer. Using 100
speed print film, f4
at 30 seconds yields a very different picture. The people have
blurred out a little but the background has been lit up by the ambient
Flashlights ( 120 seconds )
Without a sun, you can leave the shutter open
fairly long and compose
how you want. This picture is a 2 minute exposure at f1.4 on 50
speed film. I set the camera on a tripod and with the shutter
open used my flashlight to paint in Andrea. Once I painted here
once, she moved and I painted her again. It was lots of
fun! No on board flash was used - the light is hard, bright and
difficult to control.
Star Light ( 300 seconds )
Stars aren't very bright this far away.
pictures are 5 minute
exposure at f1.4 on 50 speed film. Unfortunately, city lights
often overwhelm stars so getting a good photography is often an issue
The trick is to keep the aperture at maximum -
stopping down will
make most of the stars disappear. The longer the exposure, the
longer the trails.
Moon Light ( 300 seconds )
While visiting the Grand Canyon, I decided to
take a night photo -
roughly 5 minutes at f4 on 50 speed film. While I couldn't see
very well, the film picked up something I missed - a forest fire on the
north side of the valley. The smoke has descended into the Canyon
- there a was a park notice the next morning. I haven't had
another chance to use moon light, but I'll keep looking.
Tags: fireworks(15), long exposure(13), city(4), fire(4), stars(4), Vancouver(3)
From: John Harvey Photo > Learn Photography > Learn Night Photography
hey it says all that stuff in seconds and asa..
im not quite sure what ASA is..
but can you explaIN asa, and seconds in digital form? i dont know if its the same or not
Thursday, May 10th, 2007 at 17:49:24
ASA is another name for ISO =)
Sunday, May 27th, 2007 at 02:51:57
Thanks for the great tips; it made for a fun evening!
Wednesday, July 4th, 2007 at 23:02:51
Very nice photos. The fireworks are really spectacular! The city shots are probably my favorite, though. The contrast between the city lights and the way they light the night sky is interesting, to say the least. Very inspiring.
Monday, January 7th, 2008 at 21:55:54
What is the advantage of using 50 speed film over 100 or 200 for example?
Monday, April 14th, 2008 at 16:47:00
I used 50 speed film because that was all I had loaded. Slower film generally is sharper, but with long exposures you get more blur which shaper film doesn't help with. Apparently, some slower films start to get color casts with extreme exposures. If you do want longer exposures (say for motion blur), slower film means you don't have to use such high apertures to get the time.
This info was excellent thank you and the picture were great .
Thank you for being so helpfull. Night photography has became my recent hobby. I live on the sailboat and love the place I live in (the Yacht Club). Nights here are allways attractive subject for photography.
Wednesday, July 23rd, 2008 at 19:03:21
It's difficult to find a great read like this these times :) wonderful examples too.
Thank you so much for the tips! Happy 2009!
Saturday, January 17th, 2009 at 04:53:10
hi there - I love this site and your advice. I'm a beginner and can't wait to try these techniques out. One question though - when you say that you can paint a person in using the flashlight. Does this just mean that you turn it off, get them to move, shine it on them again, turn it off, get them to move etc etc. Never used a flashlight before so this sounds really interesting to me. Thanks.
Thursday, February 5th, 2009 at 12:06:42
A nice resource for beginning night photographers John! Fuji Velvia is getting scarcer and scarcer as they are trying to switch film photographers to the new Velvia 100. I have had mixed results with Velvia 100 and still prefer to shoot 50 when I can get it.
A man who shares his photography experience through simple steps and tricks when everybody does not do so or does only when get paid. Best wishes from this beginner.Keep going further!
Friday, February 27th, 2009 at 11:30:48
Brilliant site and very inspiring! Loved your examples and how you did them! Very useful and great photos! Thank you!
Friday, September 18th, 2009 at 01:04:50
Thanks for information, my friend asked me to shoot her son's bar mitzvah party around a campfire and I just told her it couldn't be done without additional light.
Thursday, October 1st, 2009 at 16:02:02
Useful information and great pics !
Thursday, January 7th, 2010 at 11:09:21
I can not wait to try your tips. Thank You
La Vonne Gunn
Tuesday, March 2nd, 2010 at 18:43:31
Great information on fireworks exposures, thanks!
Sunday, March 7th, 2010 at 22:54:48
Very nice! thanks you so much. I learned many things.
Monday, April 19th, 2010 at 12:35:36
Wow, great pictures. I loved the city shot with all the lights from the different buildings, but, my favorites were your fireworks pictures, really cool. Thanks for putting them on the web.
Thursday, April 29th, 2010 at 18:45:19
Hey this website is great! I have a couple of questions. I have black and white film and is 3200 iso how long should i leave the shutter speed open, and I have 800 iso color film so how much time do you recommend?
Thursday, June 10th, 2010 at 20:48:18
Nice pictures.. what are the lenses you used for the fireworks photographs. I have a NIKON D5000 with a 55-200 lens and it saying the subject was too dark this evening when I was going to take the July 4th fireworks.
Sunday, July 4th, 2010 at 20:48:18
Hi, I'm just wondering in the photo in 'sparkles (3 seconds)'. Why your hand doesn't blur, is it because you are using a long pyrotechnic stick?
Monday, September 27th, 2010 at 02:33:16
I need help on useing the right film and the proper setting on my F-1Canon 35 mm for football night games
Wednesday, October 6th, 2010 at 19:08:03
Richard - during the 3 second exposure, only the sparklers are recorded (because they are bright) for the first three seconds. The flash goes off just before the shutter closes and records a still snapshot of everything else.
Last Modified Tuesday, June 9th, 2009 at 00:32:40 Edit
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